Análise técnica: Entenda como a Mercedes ‘driblou’ restrições de desenvolvimento para 2021

Giorgio Piola
·4 minuto de leitura

Uma batalha extremamente importante da F1 começou fora da pista em 2020 e entra em sua fase mais importante quando o relógio passar da meia-noite de 31 de dezembro.

Nesse ponto, os regulamentos de 2021 entrarão em vigor e as equipes poderão realizar o desenvolvimento e trabalhos em túnel de vento com seus projetos de 2022.

Mercedes F1 W11 front wing comparison

Mercedes F1 W11 front wing comparison<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Mercedes F1 W11 front wing comparisonGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Para se ter uma ideia de quão cedo ela desligou mudou o foco de 2020, vimos pela última vez um desenvolvimento significativo da Mercedes no GP da Toscana, em setembro. Lá, a equipe apresentou uma nova asa dianteira com uma configuração de flap diferente.

Isso não significa que não tenha desenvolvido o carro desde então, já que sempre há melhorias sendo feitas ao longo de uma temporada. Mas, houve muito pouco em termos de peças aerodinâmicas.

Enquanto isso, no mesmo período, vimos equipes como a Red Bull e a Ferrari, que têm recursos comparáveis, alterar completamente o DNA de seus carros.

Ferrari SF1000 rear wing endplate comparison

Ferrari SF1000 rear wing endplate comparison<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 rear wing endplate comparisonGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Ferrari introduced a rear wing endplate design very similar to that seen on the W11

Ferrari SF1000 nose inlet detail

Ferrari SF1000 nose inlet detail<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 nose inlet detailGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

As part of a U-turn on its development programme, Ferrari altered the position of the plough on its nose, impacting flow through the inlets it creates beside the nose tip.

Ferrari SF1000 front wing Russian GP comparison

Ferrari SF1000 front wing Russian GP comparison<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 front wing Russian GP comparisonGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Ferrari added a series of arched flaps on top of the turning vane’s footplates in order to pick up the flow it received and give it a gentle show in the right direction.

Ferrari SF1000 new bargeboard detail

Ferrari SF1000 new bargeboard detail<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 new bargeboard detailGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Changes were made to the bargeboard and sidepod deflectors to better deal with the revised structures that were being created ahead, and also improve how they deal with the wake turbulence created by the front wheel.

Ferrari SF1000 front wing Emilia-Romagna GP

Ferrari SF1000 front wing Emilia-Romagna GP<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 front wing Emilia-Romagna GPGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

To adjust the front-to-rear load, Ferrari also trimmed its front wing upper flap

Ferrari SF1000 detail diffuser

Ferrari SF1000 detail diffuser<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 detail diffuserGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

At the rear of the car, the roof panel used on previous cars to create a tunnel in the floor beneath the crash structure was pressed back into service.

Ferrari SF1000 diffuser

Ferrari SF1000 diffuser<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Ferrari SF1000 diffuserGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

The diffuser was also subject to a retrograde, with the team reverting to a specification used right at the start of the season.

Red Bull RB16 rear suspension detailed

Red Bull RB16 rear suspension detailed<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull RB16 rear suspension detailedGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

A new rear upright was on the agenda for Red Bull. Taking inspiration from Mercedes, it features a triangular opening that allows air to flow through.

Red Bull RB16 halo fins

Red Bull RB16 halo fins<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull RB16 halo finsGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

A small winglet was added on the outside of the halo’s frame in order to adjust flow down over the sidepod and engine cover.

Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing end plate comparison

Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing end plate comparison<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing end plate comparisonGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Multiple changes were made to the outboard portion of the RB16’s front wing, with changes that affected the footplate and endplate most prevalent throughout.

Red Bull Racing RB16 exhaust comparison

Red Bull Racing RB16 exhaust comparison<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull Racing RB16 exhaust comparisonGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Red Bull had been the only one to place its wastegate pipework in a higher position [2] but altered this in the closing stages of the season, moving them to a more conventional location [1]. This alteration was made in conjunction with changes to the centre of the diffuser too [3&4].

Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing, Turkish GP

Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing, Turkish GP<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull Racing RB16 front wing, Turkish GPGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

Another new front wing appeared at the Turkish GP, with its attention switched to the inboard elements, altering the mainplane’s shape and the flap frequency in order that the Y250 vortex be tuned differently. Consequently it added a hole in its cape too, in order that the flow downstream was also altered.

Red Bull Racing RB16 rear, single pillar

Red Bull Racing RB16 rear, single pillar<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
Red Bull Racing RB16 rear, single pillarGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola

A new rear wing support was introduced in Abu Dhabi, as the team raced a single pillar, rather than the double one it had used all year.

A Ferrari introduziu um design de placa final da asa traseira muito semelhante ao visto no W11.

As mudanças feitas por ambos no final da temporada claramente ajudaram a melhorar sua sorte, mas isso não quer dizer que o trabalho continuará a dar frutos em 2021.

Olhando para o futuro

A conclusão óbvia a tirar aqui é que a Mercedes passou grande parte desta temporada concentrando seus esforços silenciosamente em 2021, abandonando quaisquer ganhos maiores para 2020.

Ela espera que o desenvolvimento inicial de seu carro de 2021 permita que ela gaste uma quantidade boa de tempo em seu projeto de 2022, potencialmente compensando as perdas percentuais que a escala móvel terá, em comparação aos seus rivais.

2021 F1 rules model

2021 F1 rules model<span class="copyright">Giorgio Piola</span>
2021 F1 rules modelGiorgio Piola

Giorgio Piola